Primary Document: Colonial Era Map
 (This map was drawn in 1776 from prior surveys)
New Jersey and New York
disagreed about the boundary
until 1769.
Richard Gardner worked for the
New Jersey claim and tried to
enforce that claim with local
landowners, and much of
Warwick was considered to be in
New Jersey.
The dispute was settled in 1769
by the famous “Waywayanda
and Cheesecocks Patent Trial”
held in Goshen.  Opposing
attorneys were Alexander
Hamilton and Aaron Burr.
1. Topography determines
2.  Roads lead to settlement.
3. As settlement continues
and resources are
exploited, disputes
Colonial era: government, culture, preludes to war