<FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#606060" face="Tahoma"><B>This location has been:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#606060" face="Tahoma"><B><BR></B></font></div> <UL style="margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:0px"> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p108479460" title="" class="style1">The Wisner &amp; Durland Farms</a></B></font></li> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p370378821" title="" class="style1">The New York City Farm</a></B></font></li> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p388991956" title="" class="style1">The New York State Training School for Boys</a></B></font></li> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p725092210" title="" class="style1">The Mid-Orange Correctional Facility</a></B></font></li> </UL> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#606060" face="Tahoma"><B>This location has been:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#606060" face="Tahoma"><B><BR></B></font></div> <UL> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p108479460" title="" class="style1">The Wisner &amp; Durland Farms</a></B></font></li> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p370378821" title="" class="style1">The New York City Farm</a></B></font></li> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p388991956" title="" class="style1">The New York State Training School for Boys</a></B></font></li> <li><font face="Tahoma"><B><a href="page://p725092210" title="" class="style1">The Mid-Orange Correctional Facility</a></B></font></li> </UL> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQqBAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv 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style="font-size:16px;background-color:#FFFF99;"><B>State Training School for</B></font></div> <div><font color="#993300" style="font-size:16px;background-color:#FFFF99;"><B>Boys at our blog:</B></font></div> <div><font style="font-size:11px;background-color:#FFFF99;"><B><a href="http://warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com" title="">warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com</a></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#993300" class="ws12" style="background-color:#FFFF99;"><B>Share your memories of the</B></font></div> <div><font color="#993300" class="ws12" style="background-color:#FFFF99;"><B>Mid-Orange Correctional</B></font></div> <div><font color="#993300" class="ws12" style="background-color:#FFFF99;"><B>Facility and the New York</B></font></div> <div><font color="#993300" class="ws12" style="background-color:#FFFF99;"><B>State Training School for</B></font></div> <div><font color="#993300" class="ws12" style="background-color:#FFFF99;"><B>Boys at our blog:</B></font></div> <div><font class="ws8" style="background-color:#FFFF99;"><B><a href="http://warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com" title="">warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com</a></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQrtAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBUNvbG9yBwZjbEdyYXkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGC05v 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face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpjAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQRTaXplAhAFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAAJQmFja0NvbG9yA7B7 AAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBFNpemUC EAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgcHY2xXaGl0ZQlCYWNrQ29sb3IDsHsAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIg MCAyDQpydnMNCgcBAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCkxlZnQgQWxpZ24HT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAAB CVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLUmlnaHQgQWxpZ24JQWxpZ25tZW50BwhydmFSaWdodAdPcHRpb25zCwAE VGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg1Qcm90ZWN0IFRhYmxlB09wdGlvbnMLDXJ2cGFvUmVhZE9ubHkR cnZwYW9TdHlsZVByb3RlY3QVcnZwYW9Eb05vdFdhbnRSZXR1cm5zAARUYWJzDgAAAC05IDIgMCAw IDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAOADMgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQogICANCjQgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KV0FSV0lD SyBWQUxMRVkgSElTVE9SWSwgTlkNCjMgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KICAgDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:37px;"><B>A Legacy of Justice</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:37px;"><B>&amp; Social Reform:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:11px;"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I>The History of the Mid-Orange</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I>Correctional Facility, the New</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I>York State Training School for</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I>Boys, and the N.Y. City Farm</I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I> State School Road at Warwick, NY&nbsp; </I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws28"><B>A Legacy of Justice</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws28"><B>&amp; Social Reform:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws8"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I>The History of the Mid-Orange</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I>Correctional Facility, the New</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I>York State Training School for</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I>Boys, and the N.Y. City Farm</I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I> State School Road at Warwick, NY&nbsp; </I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQo5AgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBhRGcmFua2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAhwFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9s ZAAFQ29sb3IEMzOZAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1l BhRGcmFua2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAg4FU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAhmc0l0YWxpYwAFQ29s b3IEMzOZAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBhRGcmFu a2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAggFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAhmc0l0YWxpYwAFQ29sb3IEMzOZ AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQVTdHls ZQsGZnNCb2xkCGZzSXRhbGljAAVDb2xvcgQzM5kAAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQoHAQAA DgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgpMZWZ0IEFsaWduB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCENl bnRlcmVkCUFsaWdubWVudAcJcnZhQ2VudGVyB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUG C1JpZ2h0IEFsaWduCUFsaWdubWVudAcIcnZhUmlnaHQHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxl TmFtZQYNUHJvdGVjdCBUYWJsZQdPcHRpb25zCw1ydnBhb1JlYWRPbmx5EXJ2cGFvU3R5bGVQcm90 ZWN0FXJ2cGFvRG9Ob3RXYW50UmV0dXJucwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoC AAAADgAzIDIgMCAwIDAgMA0KQSBMZWdhY3kgb2YgSnVzdGljZQ0KJiBTb2NpYWwgUmVmb3JtOg0K NSAxIDAgMCAwIDANCg0KNCA0IDAgMCAwIDANClRoZSBIaXN0b3J5IG9mIHRoZSBNaWQtT3Jhbmdl DQpDb3JyZWN0aW9uYWwgRmFjaWxpdHksIHRoZSBOZXcNCllvcmsgU3RhdGUgVHJhaW5pbmcgU2No b29sIGZvcg0KQm95cywgYW5kIHRoZSBOLlkuIENpdHkgRmFybQ0KNiAxIDIgMCAwIDANCiBTdGF0 ZSBTY2hvb2wgUm9hZCBhdCBXYXJ3aWNrLCBOWSAgDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><B>On June 30, 2011 Governor Andrew Cuomo announced that the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility would be closed as part of the state’s reorganization of New York’s prisons.</B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><B>This facility had been an institution dedicated to the purpose of justice, healthcare, and reform for 99 years. It was founded as one of the country’s first treatment centers for alcoholism in 1912, the New York City Farm.</B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><B>Later it became a reform school, the New York State Training School for Boys; and then the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility.</B></font></div> <div><font color="#CE0000" face="Spell" style="font-size:8px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#C0C0C0" face="Spell" style="font-size:8px;"><B>______________________________________________________</B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><B>On June 30, 2011 Governor Andrew Cuomo announced that the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility would be closed as part of the state’s reorganization of New York’s prisons.</B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><B>This facility had been an institution dedicated to the purpose of justice, healthcare, and reform for 99 years. It was founded as one of the country’s first treatment centers for alcoholism in 1912, the New York City Farm.</B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><B>Later it became a reform school, the New York State Training School for Boys; and then the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility.</B></font></div> <div><font color="#CE0000" face="Spell" class="ws6"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#C0C0C0" face="Spell" class="ws6"><B>______________________________________________________</B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQrGAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVTcGVsbARTaXplAgYFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAAFQ29sb3IHCGNsU2lsdmVy AAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBVNwZWxsBFNpemUC BgVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgPOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwdjbEJsYWNr AAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUH T3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50 ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4AOSA1IDAgMCAw IDANCk9uIEp1bmUgMzAsIDIwMTEgR292ZXJub3IgQW5kcmV3IEN1b21vIGFubm91bmNlZCB0aGF0 IHRoZSBNaWQtT3JhbmdlIENvcnJlY3Rpb25hbCBGYWNpbGl0eSB3b3VsZCBiZSBjbG9zZWQgYXMg cGFydCBvZiB0aGUgc3RhdGWScyByZW9yZ2FuaXphdGlvbiBvZiBOZXcgWW9ya5JzIHByaXNvbnMu DQoNClRoaXMgZmFjaWxpdHkgaGFkIGJlZW4gYW4gaW5zdGl0dXRpb24gZGVkaWNhdGVkIHRvIHRo ZSBwdXJwb3NlIG9mIGp1c3RpY2UsIGhlYWx0aGNhcmUsIGFuZCByZWZvcm0gZm9yIDk5IHllYXJz LiBJdCB3YXMgZm91bmRlZCBhcyBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIGNvdW50cnmScyBmaXJzdCB0cmVhdG1lbnQg Y2VudGVycyBmb3IgYWxjb2hvbGlzbSBpbiAxOTEyLCB0aGUgTmV3IFlvcmsgQ2l0eSBGYXJtLg0K DQpMYXRlciBpdCBiZWNhbWUgYSByZWZvcm0gc2Nob29sLCB0aGUgTmV3IFlvcmsgU3RhdGUgVHJh aW5pbmcgU2Nob29sIGZvciBCb3lzOyBhbmQgdGhlbiB0aGUgTWlkLU9yYW5nZSBDb3JyZWN0aW9u YWwgRmFjaWxpdHkuDQo4IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KDQo3IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KX19fX19fX19fX19fX19f X19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fX19fDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoMAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBUNvbG9yBwdjbEJsYWNrAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAg Mg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRh YnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4ANyAzIDEgMCAwIDANCldlYnBhZ2UgYnkg Uy4gR2FyZG5lciAyMDExIGZvciBBbGJlcnQgV2lzbmVyIFB1YmxpYyBMaWJyYXJ5Lg0KUGxlYXNl IGJlIHBvbGl0ZSBhbmQgcmVxdWVzdCBwZXJtaXNzaW9uIGZvciBjb21tZXJjaWFsIHVzZSBvciBi ZWZvcmUgDQpjb3B5aW5nIHRoaXMgY29udGVudCB0byBhbm90aGVyIHNpdGUgb3IgcHVibGljYXRp b24uDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The original inhabitants of this section were Native Americans. By the time of contact with Europeans, the Minsi tribe of the Lenape cultural group were in residence. Numerous&nbsp; artifacts have been found in the area of Wickham Lake.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The land here became part of the Wawayanda Patent in 1702/3</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">Wickham Lake was known in early colonial days as "Perry's Pond" after Joseph Perry, who seems to have resided north of the lake and to have relocated to Vernon, NJ. The section of the valley to the south of the lake was part of 2,064 acres of&nbsp; land acquired Capt. John Wisner, Sr. (1718-1778) on Sept. 8, 1766. Wisner and his wife Ann sold one third of this vast tract, containing some of the area to the south and west of the lake, to William Wickham shortly thereafter. (1)&nbsp; The lands directly south of the lake stayed in the Wisner family, going to eventually to Henry Wisner III (Lt. Col. Henry), a son of John Wisner, Sr.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The original stone dwelling, which stood just in front of the present Mansion, was likely built by John Wisner before the Revolutionary War and was and occupied by him during the war. (2) Later it was the home of Gabriel Wisner ( 1784-1836) who passed on the property to his son, Henry Board Wisner (1815-1844)&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">An interesting story is told that there was a great deal of vitriol between Gabriel Wisner and his neighbor Mr. Burroughs, whose stone house still stands on King's Highway near the intersection of State School Road. A dispute arose (whether from money matters or political differences, the stories vary) and Mr. Burroughs took a shot at Wisner standing at the front of his house in the distance.&nbsp; Allegedly the bullet struck the door and not Mr. Wisner-- quite a shot, nonetheless, across what must have been at that time several fields.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">That original stone house stood just in front of the structure called today "The Mansion", or the "Manor House". The Mansion was built by Henry Board Wisner (b.2/22/1815- d.6/29/1844) in 1841-42. All of the materials of which the home was built came from the property-- including bricks from the clay pit nearby.&nbsp; A brick yard and clay pits are shown on the 1875 map&nbsp; of Warwick.&nbsp; In its earlier days the home was called "Wisner Hall."</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">Henry Board Wisner was the son of Gabriel Wisner and Susannah Goldsmith, and married Mary Ann Wood.&nbsp;&nbsp; He was described by a descendant as being a "gentleman of singular amiability of character and disposition, of most neighborly instincts, and of such ample means that his kindly impulses were practically unchecked". He contributed greatly to the erection of the Sugar Loaf Methodist Church (3)&nbsp; He died within a few years of his beautiful home being finished, leaving a young family behind.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">In March of 1852, Henry B.'s widow Mary Ann became the second wife of Thomas E. Durland (b. Sept. 7, 1813 d. March 5, 1891), who had relocated back to his home area from Illinois after his first wife passed away.&nbsp; He rented the property until purchasing it in 1863.&nbsp; He is shown as proprietor on the 1859 and 1863 maps of Warwick&nbsp; The east wing of the house was damaged by fire in 1863, and was immediately rebuilt. (4)</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">By 1903 the property had passed to a son of Thomas Durland and his first wife, (Mary Ellen Booth) Jesse Durland (b. Aug. 9, 1847 d. 1919), and the house is on the 1903 map is called "Durland Manor."&nbsp; Jesse died without children, so the farm passed to his nephew, Thomas Durland Landon (1865-1934). Landon sold it to the City of New York in 1912.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The house is listed in Appendix B (National Register Eligible Properties)&nbsp; of Warwick's Comprehensive Plan.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">--------------------------------------------------------------</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">Source Notes:</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">1. p. 75+</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"> Wisner, G. Franklin. </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><U>The Wisners in America and Their Kindred</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">. Baltimore, MD, Pub. by the author, 1918. Accessed on Google Books: </font><font face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=TNlfAAAAMAAJ&dq=wisners%20in%20america&pg=PA77#v=snippet&q=wickham&f=false" title="" class="style1">http://books.google.com/books?id=TNlfAAAAMAAJ&amp;dq=wisners%20in%20america&amp;pg=PA77#v=snippet&amp;q=wickham&amp;f=false</a></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">2. "Early Days in Warwick" by W. B. Sayer, chapter II. Series appearing in the </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><U>Warwick Advertiser</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"> Marcy 31-May 12, 1898.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">3. </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><U>Warwick Advertiser</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"> 9/5/1912, article by Mary Barrell.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">4. </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><U>Warwick Advertiser</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"> 11/7/1899 "Warwick's Stone Houses, Part 2" &amp; 11/14/1899 (letter of Henry B. Saxe).&nbsp; Article full text in the Warwick Heritage Database.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Other sources: </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">p. 53 &amp; 54 </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><U>Records of the Dorland Family in America</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"> by John Dorland Cremer. Washington.&nbsp; Published by the author, 1898.&nbsp; Accessed on Archive.org: </font><font face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><a href="http://www.archive.org/stream/cihm_16917" title="" class="style1">http://www.archive.org/stream/cihm_16917</a></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">A History of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Sugar Loaf, NY. by J. W. Naramore, 1899.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;"><BR></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The original inhabitants of this section were Native Americans. By the time of contact with Europeans, the Minsi tribe of the Lenape cultural group were in residence. Numerous&nbsp; artifacts have been found in the area of Wickham Lake.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The land here became part of the Wawayanda Patent in 1702/3</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">Wickham Lake was known in early colonial days as "Perry's Pond" after Joseph Perry, who seems to have resided north of the lake and to have relocated to Vernon, NJ. The section of the valley to the south of the lake was part of 2,064 acres of&nbsp; land acquired Capt. John Wisner, Sr. (1718-1778) on Sept. 8, 1766. Wisner and his wife Ann sold one third of this vast tract, containing some of the area to the south and west of the lake, to William Wickham shortly thereafter. (1)&nbsp; The lands directly south of the lake stayed in the Wisner family, going to eventually to Henry Wisner III (Lt. Col. Henry), a son of John Wisner, Sr.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The original stone dwelling, which stood just in front of the present Mansion, was likely built by John Wisner before the Revolutionary War and was and occupied by him during the war. (2) Later it was the home of Gabriel Wisner ( 1784-1836) who passed on the property to his son, Henry Board Wisner (1815-1844)&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">An interesting story is told that there was a great deal of vitriol between Gabriel Wisner and his neighbor Mr. Burroughs, whose stone house still stands on King's Highway near the intersection of State School Road. A dispute arose (whether from money matters or political differences, the stories vary) and Mr. Burroughs took a shot at Wisner standing at the front of his house in the distance.&nbsp; Allegedly the bullet struck the door and not Mr. Wisner-- quite a shot, nonetheless, across what must have been at that time several fields.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">That original stone house stood just in front of the structure called today "The Mansion", or the "Manor House". The Mansion was built by Henry Board Wisner (b.2/22/1815- d.6/29/1844) in 1841-42. All of the materials of which the home was built came from the property-- including bricks from the clay pit nearby.&nbsp; A brick yard and clay pits are shown on the 1875 map&nbsp; of Warwick.&nbsp; In its earlier days the home was called "Wisner Hall."</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">Henry Board Wisner was the son of Gabriel Wisner and Susannah Goldsmith, and married Mary Ann Wood.&nbsp;&nbsp; He was described by a descendant as being a "gentleman of singular amiability of character and disposition, of most neighborly instincts, and of such ample means that his kindly impulses were practically unchecked". He contributed greatly to the erection of the Sugar Loaf Methodist Church (3)&nbsp; He died within a few years of his beautiful home being finished, leaving a young family behind.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">In March of 1852, Henry B.'s widow Mary Ann became the second wife of Thomas E. Durland (b. Sept. 7, 1813 d. March 5, 1891), who had relocated back to his home area from Illinois after his first wife passed away.&nbsp; He rented the property until purchasing it in 1863.&nbsp; He is shown as proprietor on the 1859 and 1863 maps of Warwick&nbsp; The east wing of the house was damaged by fire in 1863, and was immediately rebuilt. (4)</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">By 1903 the property had passed to a son of Thomas Durland and his first wife, (Mary Ellen Booth) Jesse Durland (b. Aug. 9, 1847 d. 1919), and the house is on the 1903 map is called "Durland Manor."&nbsp; Jesse died without children, so the farm passed to his nephew, Thomas Durland Landon (1865-1934). Landon sold it to the City of New York in 1912.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">The house is listed in Appendix B (National Register Eligible Properties)&nbsp; of Warwick's Comprehensive Plan.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">--------------------------------------------------------------</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma">Source Notes:</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">1. p. 75+</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"> Wisner, G. Franklin. </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><U>The Wisners in America and Their Kindred</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">. Baltimore, MD, Pub. by the author, 1918. Accessed on Google Books: </font><font face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=TNlfAAAAMAAJ&dq=wisners%20in%20america&pg=PA77#v=snippet&q=wickham&f=false" title="" class="style1">http://books.google.com/books?id=TNlfAAAAMAAJ&amp;dq=wisners%20in%20america&amp;pg=PA77#v=snippet&amp;q=wickham&amp;f=false</a></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">2. "Early Days in Warwick" by W. B. Sayer, chapter II. Series appearing in the </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><U>Warwick Advertiser</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"> Marcy 31-May 12, 1898.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">3. </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><U>Warwick Advertiser</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"> 9/5/1912, article by Mary Barrell.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">4. </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><U>Warwick Advertiser</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"> 11/7/1899 "Warwick's Stone Houses, Part 2" &amp; 11/14/1899 (letter of Henry B. Saxe).&nbsp; Article full text in the Warwick Heritage Database.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Other sources: </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">p. 53 &amp; 54 </font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><U>Records of the Dorland Family in America</U></font><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"> by John Dorland Cremer. Washington.&nbsp; Published by the author, 1898.&nbsp; Accessed on Archive.org: </font><font face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><a href="http://www.archive.org/stream/cihm_16917" title="" class="style1">http://www.archive.org/stream/cihm_16917</a></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">A History of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Sugar Loaf, NY. by J. W. Naramore, 1899.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" face="Tahoma" class="ws8"><BR></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoSAwAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFQ29sb3IEMzMzAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQI U3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBUNvbG9yBDMzMwAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUG 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IC0xIDEgMCAidXJsPWh0dHA6Ly93d3cuYXJjaGl2ZS5vcmcvc3RyZWFtL2NpaG1fMTY5MTcsbGlu a3N0eWxlPXN0eWxlMSINCmh0dHA6Ly93d3cuYXJjaGl2ZS5vcmcvc3RyZWFtL2NpaG1fMTY5MTcN CjggMyAwIDAgMCAwDQoNCkEgSGlzdG9yeSBvZiB0aGUgTWV0aG9kaXN0IEVwaXNjb3BhbCBDaHVy Y2gsIFN1Z2FyIExvYWYsIE5ZLiBieSBKLiBXLiBOYXJhbW9yZSwgMTg5OS4NCg0K <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:16px;"><B>History of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:16px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:37px;"><B>The Wisner &amp; Durland Farms at Wickham Lake</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws12"><B>History of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws12"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws28"><B>The Wisner &amp; Durland Farms at Wickham Lake</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQowAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBhRGcmFua2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAhwFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9s 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a2UNCjQgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQoNCjUgMSAyIDAgMCAwDQoNCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div>Section of 1850 Map of Orange County by J. C. Sidney</div> <div>Showing "Heirs of H. B. Wisner" in residence.</div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div>Section of 1850 Map of Orange County by J. C. Sidney</div> <div>Showing "Heirs of H. B. Wisner" in residence.</div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQqoAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDINCnJ2cw0KBwEAAA4B CVN0eWxlTmFtZQYKTGVmdCBBbGlnbgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBghDZW50 ZXJlZAlBbGlnbm1lbnQHCXJ2YUNlbnRlcgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtS aWdodCBBbGlnbglBbGlnbm1lbnQHCHJ2YVJpZ2h0B09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5h bWUGDVByb3RlY3QgVGFibGUHT3B0aW9ucwsNcnZwYW9SZWFkT25seRFydnBhb1N0eWxlUHJvdGVj dBVydnBhb0RvTm90V2FudFJldHVybnMABFRhYnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAA AA4AMCAyIDAgMCAwIDANClNlY3Rpb24gb2YgMTg1MCBNYXAgb2YgT3JhbmdlIENvdW50eSBieSBK LiBDLiBTaWRuZXkNClNob3dpbmcgIkhlaXJzIG9mIEguIEIuIFdpc25lciIgaW4gcmVzaWRlbmNl Lg0K <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">The Manor House was built about 1840 by Henry B. Wisner, from bricks manufactured on the farm. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo circa 1940s. Courtesy of the Dragonette family.</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">The Manor House was built about 1840 by Henry B. Wisner, from bricks manufactured on the farm. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo circa 1940s. Courtesy of the Dragonette family.</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpLAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yA4BAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1l BgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBUNvbG9yA4BAAAAtOSAyIDAg MCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsA BFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9u cwsABFRhYnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4AOCAxIDAgMCAwIDANClRoZSBN YW5vciBIb3VzZSB3YXMgYnVpbHQgYWJvdXQgMTg0MCBieSBIZW5yeSBCLiBXaXNuZXIsIGZyb20g YnJpY2tzIG1hbnVmYWN0dXJlZCBvbiB0aGUgZmFybS4gDQo3IDEgLTEgMSAwIDANClBob3RvIGNp cmNhIDE5NDBzLiBDb3VydGVzeSBvZiB0aGUgRHJhZ29uZXR0ZSBmYW1pbHkuDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">Phebe, Mary, and Elizabeth Wisner. Elizabeth was the eldest and Mary the youngest. These three daughters of Henry Board Wisner and Mary Ann Wood were painted shortly before their father died on June 29, 1844.&nbsp; The painting was done by a local artist, Milton McConnell, likely with the help of the well known portrait artist George Linen.&nbsp; The location of this original portrait is at present unknown.&nbsp; Two of the daughters-- Elizabeth and Mary-- married into the Barrell and Holbert families, once owners of what is today the Wright Family Farm, nearly adjacent to their father's home. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo courtesy of the Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">Phebe, Mary, and Elizabeth Wisner. Elizabeth was the eldest and Mary the youngest. These three daughters of Henry Board Wisner and Mary Ann Wood were painted shortly before their father died on June 29, 1844.&nbsp; The painting was done by a local artist, Milton McConnell, likely with the help of the well known portrait artist George Linen.&nbsp; The location of this original portrait is at present unknown.&nbsp; Two of the daughters-- Elizabeth and Mary-- married into the Barrell and Holbert families, once owners of what is today the Wright Family Farm, nearly adjacent to their father's home. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo courtesy of the Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpLAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQVDb2xvcgOAQAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yA4BAAAAtOSAyIDAg MCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsA BFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9u cwsABFRhYnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4ANyAxIDAgMCAwIDANClBoZWJl LCBNYXJ5LCBhbmQgRWxpemFiZXRoIFdpc25lci4gRWxpemFiZXRoIHdhcyB0aGUgZWxkZXN0IGFu ZCBNYXJ5IHRoZSB5b3VuZ2VzdC4gVGhlc2UgdGhyZWUgZGF1Z2h0ZXJzIG9mIEhlbnJ5IEJvYXJk IFdpc25lciBhbmQgTWFyeSBBbm4gV29vZCB3ZXJlIHBhaW50ZWQgc2hvcnRseSBiZWZvcmUgdGhl aXIgZmF0aGVyIGRpZWQgb24gSnVuZSAyOSwgMTg0NC4gIFRoZSBwYWludGluZyB3YXMgZG9uZSBi eSBhIGxvY2FsIGFydGlzdCwgTWlsdG9uIE1jQ29ubmVsbCwgbGlrZWx5IHdpdGggdGhlIGhlbHAg b2YgdGhlIHdlbGwga25vd24gcG9ydHJhaXQgYXJ0aXN0IEdlb3JnZSBMaW5lbi4gIFRoZSBsb2Nh dGlvbiBvZiB0aGlzIG9yaWdpbmFsIHBvcnRyYWl0IGlzIGF0IHByZXNlbnQgdW5rbm93bi4gIFR3 byBvZiB0aGUgZGF1Z2h0ZXJzLS0gRWxpemFiZXRoIGFuZCBNYXJ5LS0gbWFycmllZCBpbnRvIHRo ZSBCYXJyZWxsIGFuZCBIb2xiZXJ0IGZhbWlsaWVzLCBvbmNlIG93bmVycyBvZiB3aGF0IGlzIHRv ZGF5IHRoZSBXcmlnaHQgRmFtaWx5IEZhcm0sIG5lYXJseSBhZGphY2VudCB0byB0aGVpciBmYXRo ZXIncyBob21lLiANCjggMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KUGhvdG8gY291cnRlc3kgb2YgdGhlIFdhcndpY2sg SGlzdG9yaWNhbCBTb2NpZXR5DQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">Hallway of manor house, likely prior to 1912.</font></div> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Coutesy of the Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">Hallway of manor house, likely prior to 1912.</font></div> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Coutesy of the Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpLAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yA4BAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1l BgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBUNvbG9yA4BAAAAtOSAyIDAg MCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsA BFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9u cwsABFRhYnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4AOCAxIDAgMCAwIDANCkhhbGx3 YXkgb2YgbWFub3IgaG91c2UsIGxpa2VseSBwcmlvciB0byAxOTEyLg0KNyAxIDAgMCAwIDANCkNv dXRlc3kgb2YgdGhlIFdhcndpY2sgSGlzdG9yaWNhbCBTb2NpZXR5DQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpjAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQRTaXplAhAFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAAJQmFja0NvbG9yA7B7 AAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBFNpemUC EAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgcHY2xXaGl0ZQlCYWNrQ29sb3IDsHsAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIg MCAyDQpydnMNCgcBAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCkxlZnQgQWxpZ24HT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAAB CVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLUmlnaHQgQWxpZ24JQWxpZ25tZW50BwhydmFSaWdodAdPcHRpb25zCwAE VGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg1Qcm90ZWN0IFRhYmxlB09wdGlvbnMLDXJ2cGFvUmVhZE9ubHkR cnZwYW9TdHlsZVByb3RlY3QVcnZwYW9Eb05vdFdhbnRSZXR1cm5zAARUYWJzDgAAAC05IDIgMCAw IDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAOADMgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQogICANCjQgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KV0FSV0lD SyBWQUxMRVkgSElTVE9SWSwgTlkNCjMgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KICANCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoMAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBUNvbG9yBwdjbEJsYWNrAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAg Mg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRh YnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4ANyAzIDEgMCAwIDANCldlYnBhZ2UgYnkg Uy4gR2FyZG5lciAyMDExIGZvciBBbGJlcnQgV2lzbmVyIFB1YmxpYyBMaWJyYXJ5Lg0KUGxlYXNl IGJlIHBvbGl0ZSBhbmQgcmVxdWVzdCBwZXJtaXNzaW9uIGZvciBjb21tZXJjaWFsIHVzZSBvciBi ZWZvcmUgDQpjb3B5aW5nIHRoaXMgY29udGVudCB0byBhbm90aGVyIHNpdGUgb3IgcHVibGljYXRp b24uDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">Few realize today that the practice of housing inmates in need of rehabilitation at this property actually began in the summer of 1912, when New&nbsp; York City purchased the Durland Farm.&nbsp; Mayor William Gaynor of New York City visited that in August to check the site for a new "colony" for men addicted to alcohol to be erected by the City at a cost of one million dollars.&nbsp; They had just purchased the Wisner-Durland farm at Wickham Lake for this purpose from Thomas Durland Landon.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">The inebriates' colony was dubbed "The New York City Farm" (1), and was one of the very first substance abuse facilities in the country. It was operated under the auspices of the New York City Board of Inebriety, which later became a branch of the Department of Correction.&nbsp; It appears to have suffered from a lack of operation funding and bureaucratic red tape until 1914, when army tents were erected and the first inmates moved in.&nbsp; An article in </font><font style="font-size:15px;"><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=RfsqAAAAMAAJ&lpg=PA626&ots=5PAhlGiT0H&dq=%2Bwarwick%20%2Binebriates%20%2B%22new%20york%20city%22&pg=PA626#v=onepage&q=+warwick%20+inebriates%20+%22new%20york%20city%22&f=false" title="" class="style1">The Survey</a></font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"> describes the early days, when the men were housed in tents and shacks and moved into the Manor house during the winter.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">The Annual Report of the State Board of Charities for 1916 describes the operation:</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#004080" style="font-size:15px;"><I>"The New York City Farm is an institution for the custody and care of inebriates and drug addicts, the latter class forming a slight majority of the 100 inmates. Considerable progress has been made both in regard to temporary equipment and permanent plans, while practically all the inmates are now committed cases. An appropriation has been secured and plans drawn up for the first permanent building. The farm buildings and equipment have been made more adequate and the fire protection improved to some extent. The permanent plant should be completed as soon as possible. The water supply should be improved by the construction of reservoirs and the installation of new pumps, a cement floor should be laid and power equipment provided in the laundry. This institution in plan and purpose is unique among the public institutions of New York City, and is still in large measure an experiment, but the results thus far seem sufficiently promising to warrant its continuance."</I></font><font color="#004080" style="font-size:15px;"> (2)</font></div> <div><font color="#004080" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">The Farm was the site of ground-breaking treatment programs for alcohol and drugs.&nbsp; Developed by the facility's medical director, </font><font style="font-size:15px;"><a href="http://www.facs.org/archives/stokeshighlight.html" title="" class="style1">Dr. Charles F. Stokes</a></font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">,&nbsp; former Surgeon General of the United States, one of the "quick cure" treatments was described in the New York Times on Jan. 28, 1917.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">The City appears to have become discouraged with the operation of the facility the following year however, and the project was ended in the fall of 1918.&nbsp; That November, Congress had passed the temporary Wartime Prohibition Act, a measure that was intended to reserve the nation's grain resources for the war effort (in actuality, passage of the Act occured </font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><I>after </I></font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">Armistice Day, proving that procrastination until it's too late is a long standing Washington tradition), to take effect by mid-year.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">By the fall of 1919, the 'permanent' Prohibition Act had made the sale of alcoholic beverages illegal.&nbsp; Little wonder that those in political power decided that since there would be no alcohol, there would be no more need for treatment of inebriates, as politicians are perennially optimistic about the effects of their actions. The New York City Farm was shut down.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">By the following spring advocates of substance abuse treatment were lobbying for the reopening of the facility to focus more on drug abuse cases, than alcoholism, and it appears to have continued operating until around 1929, under ownership of the New York City Department of Correction.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">Notes:</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">1. There were other institutions at different time periods which used this name.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">2. Annual Report of the State Board of Charities for 1916, p. 234.&nbsp; Accessed on Google Books: </font><font style="font-size:15px;"><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=6P8qAAAAYAAJ&dq=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20%2Bwarwick&pg=PA234#v=onepage&q=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20+warwick&f=false" title="" class="style1">http://books.google.com/books?id=6P8qAAAAYAAJ&amp;dq=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20%2Bwarwick&amp;pg=PA234#v=onepage&amp;q=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20+warwick&amp;f=false</a></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">Few realize today that the practice of housing inmates in need of rehabilitation at this property actually began in the summer of 1912, when New&nbsp; York City purchased the Durland Farm.&nbsp; Mayor William Gaynor of New York City visited that in August to check the site for a new "colony" for men addicted to alcohol to be erected by the City at a cost of one million dollars.&nbsp; They had just purchased the Wisner-Durland farm at Wickham Lake for this purpose from Thomas Durland Landon.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">The inebriates' colony was dubbed "The New York City Farm" (1), and was one of the very first substance abuse facilities in the country. It was operated under the auspices of the New York City Board of Inebriety, which later became a branch of the Department of Correction.&nbsp; It appears to have suffered from a lack of operation funding and bureaucratic red tape until 1914, when army tents were erected and the first inmates moved in.&nbsp; An article in </font><font class="ws11"><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=RfsqAAAAMAAJ&lpg=PA626&ots=5PAhlGiT0H&dq=%2Bwarwick%20%2Binebriates%20%2B%22new%20york%20city%22&pg=PA626#v=onepage&q=+warwick%20+inebriates%20+%22new%20york%20city%22&f=false" title="" class="style1">The Survey</a></font><font color="#333333" class="ws11"> describes the early days, when the men were housed in tents and shacks and moved into the Manor house during the winter.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">The Annual Report of the State Board of Charities for 1916 describes the operation:</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#004080" class="ws11"><I>"The New York City Farm is an institution for the custody and care of inebriates and drug addicts, the latter class forming a slight majority of the 100 inmates. Considerable progress has been made both in regard to temporary equipment and permanent plans, while practically all the inmates are now committed cases. An appropriation has been secured and plans drawn up for the first permanent building. The farm buildings and equipment have been made more adequate and the fire protection improved to some extent. The permanent plant should be completed as soon as possible. The water supply should be improved by the construction of reservoirs and the installation of new pumps, a cement floor should be laid and power equipment provided in the laundry. This institution in plan and purpose is unique among the public institutions of New York City, and is still in large measure an experiment, but the results thus far seem sufficiently promising to warrant its continuance."</I></font><font color="#004080" class="ws11"> (2)</font></div> <div><font color="#004080" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">The Farm was the site of ground-breaking treatment programs for alcohol and drugs.&nbsp; Developed by the facility's medical director, </font><font class="ws11"><a href="http://www.facs.org/archives/stokeshighlight.html" title="" class="style1">Dr. Charles F. Stokes</a></font><font color="#333333" class="ws11">,&nbsp; former Surgeon General of the United States, one of the "quick cure" treatments was described in the New York Times on Jan. 28, 1917.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">The City appears to have become discouraged with the operation of the facility the following year however, and the project was ended in the fall of 1918.&nbsp; That November, Congress had passed the temporary Wartime Prohibition Act, a measure that was intended to reserve the nation's grain resources for the war effort (in actuality, passage of the Act occured </font><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><I>after </I></font><font color="#333333" class="ws11">Armistice Day, proving that procrastination until it's too late is a long standing Washington tradition), to take effect by mid-year.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">By the fall of 1919, the 'permanent' Prohibition Act had made the sale of alcoholic beverages illegal.&nbsp; Little wonder that those in political power decided that since there would be no alcohol, there would be no more need for treatment of inebriates, as politicians are perennially optimistic about the effects of their actions. The New York City Farm was shut down.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">By the following spring advocates of substance abuse treatment were lobbying for the reopening of the facility to focus more on drug abuse cases, than alcoholism, and it appears to have continued operating until around 1929, under ownership of the New York City Department of Correction.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">Notes:</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">1. There were other institutions at different time periods which used this name.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">2. Annual Report of the State Board of Charities for 1916, p. 234.&nbsp; Accessed on Google Books: </font><font class="ws11"><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=6P8qAAAAYAAJ&dq=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20%2Bwarwick&pg=PA234#v=onepage&q=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20+warwick&f=false" title="" class="style1">http://books.google.com/books?id=6P8qAAAAYAAJ&amp;dq=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20%2Bwarwick&amp;pg=PA234#v=onepage&amp;q=%22new%20york%20city%20farm%22%20+warwick&amp;f=false</a></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpdBAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv 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IFJlcG9ydCBvZiB0aGUgU3RhdGUgQm9hcmQgb2YgQ2hhcml0aWVzIGZvciAxOTE2LCBwLiAyMzQu ICBBY2Nlc3NlZCBvbiBHb29nbGUgQm9va3M6IA0KOSAxIC0xIDEgMCAidXJsPWh0dHA6Ly9ib29r cy5nb29nbGUuY29tL2Jvb2tzP2lkPTZQOHFBQUFBWUFBSiZkcT0lMjJuZXclMjB5b3JrJTIwY2l0 eSUyMGZhcm0lMjIlMjAlMkJ3YXJ3aWNrJnBnPVBBMjM0I3Y9b25lcGFnZSZxPSUyMm5ldyUyMHlv cmslMjBjaXR5JTIwZmFybSUyMiUyMCt3YXJ3aWNrJmY9ZmFsc2UsbGlua3N0eWxlPXN0eWxlMSIN Cmh0dHA6Ly9ib29rcy5nb29nbGUuY29tL2Jvb2tzP2lkPTZQOHFBQUFBWUFBSiZkcT0lMjJuZXcl MjB5b3JrJTIwY2l0eSUyMGZhcm0lMjIlMjAlMkJ3YXJ3aWNrJnBnPVBBMjM0I3Y9b25lcGFnZSZx PSUyMm5ldyUyMHlvcmslMjBjaXR5JTIwZmFybSUyMiUyMCt3YXJ3aWNrJmY9ZmFsc2UNCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:16px;"><B>History of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:8px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:37px;"><B>The New York City Farm </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:8px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:21px;"><B>at Warwick</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws12"><B>History of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws6"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws28"><B>The New York City Farm </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws6"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws16"><B>at Warwick</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQr2AgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBhRGcmFua2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAhwFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9s ZAAFQ29sb3IEMzOZAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1l BhRGcmFua2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAg4FU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAhmc0l0YWxpYwAFQ29s b3IEMzOZAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRo YQVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkCGZzSXRhbGljAAVDb2xvcgQzM5kAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwg dGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGFEZyYW5rbGluIEdvdGhpYyBCb29rBFNpemUCEAVTdHls ZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgQzM5kAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgI Rm9udE5hbWUGFEZyYW5rbGluIEdvdGhpYyBCb29rBFNpemUCDAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xv cgQzM5kAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGFEZyYW5r bGluIEdvdGhpYyBCb29rBFNpemUCBgVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgQzM5kAAAAtOSAyIDAg MCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQoHAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgpMZWZ0IEFsaWduB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJz DgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCENlbnRlcmVkCUFsaWdubWVudAcJcnZhQ2VudGVyB09wdGlvbnMLAARU YWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGC1JpZ2h0IEFsaWduCUFsaWdubWVudAcIcnZhUmlnaHQHT3B0aW9u cwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYNUHJvdGVjdCBUYWJsZQdPcHRpb25zCw1ydnBhb1JlYWRP bmx5EXJ2cGFvU3R5bGVQcm90ZWN0FXJ2cGFvRG9Ob3RXYW50UmV0dXJucwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAy IDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA3IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KSGlzdG9yeSBvZiB0aGUgTWlkLU9y YW5nZSBDb3JyZWN0aW9uYWwgRmFjaWxpdHk6DQo4IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KDQozIDEgMCAwIDAgMA0K VGhlIE5ldyBZb3JrIENpdHkgRmFybSANCjggMSAwIDAgMCAwDQoNCjYgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQphdCBX YXJ3aWNrDQo0IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KDQo1IDEgMiAwIDAgMA0KDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div align=right><font color="#400000">Epidemic alcoholism lead to the establishment of the New York City Farm, and an overly optimistic prediction of the effects of Prohibition lead to its demise. </font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I><BR></I></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" style="font-size:8px;"><I><BR></I></font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I>Uncredited photo</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div align=right><font color="#400000">Epidemic alcoholism lead to the establishment of the New York City Farm, and an overly optimistic prediction of the effects of Prohibition lead to its demise. </font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I><BR></I></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" class="ws6"><I><BR></I></font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I>Uncredited photo</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQqCAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yAkAAAQlTdHlsZU5h bWUGC05vcm1hbCB0ZXh0CFN0YW5kYXJkCAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFQ29sb3ICQAABCVN0eWxl TmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbARTaXplAgYFU3R5bGUL CGZzSXRhbGljAAVDb2xvcgJAAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQoHAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1l BgpMZWZ0IEFsaWduB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCENlbnRlcmVkCUFsaWdu bWVudAcJcnZhQ2VudGVyB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGC1JpZ2h0IEFsaWdu CUFsaWdubWVudAcIcnZhUmlnaHQHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYNUHJvdGVj dCBUYWJsZQdPcHRpb25zCw1ydnBhb1JlYWRPbmx5EXJ2cGFvU3R5bGVQcm90ZWN0FXJ2cGFvRG9O b3RXYW50UmV0dXJucwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA0IDEgMiAw IDAgMA0KRXBpZGVtaWMgYWxjb2hvbGlzbSBsZWFkIHRvIHRoZSBlc3RhYmxpc2htZW50IG9mIHRo ZSBOZXcgWW9yayBDaXR5IEZhcm0sIGFuZCBhbiBvdmVybHkgb3B0aW1pc3RpYyBwcmVkaWN0aW9u IG9mIHRoZSBlZmZlY3RzIG9mIFByb2hpYml0aW9uIGxlYWQgdG8gaXRzIGRlbWlzZS4gDQozIDEg MCAwIDAgMA0KDQo1IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KDQozIDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KVW5jcmVkaXRlZCBwaG90bw0K <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">The Camp Colony of the New York City Farm showing tents the inmates were housed in. </font></div> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo courtesy of Phil Simms.</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">The Camp Colony of the New York City Farm showing tents the inmates were housed in. </font></div> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo courtesy of Phil Simms.</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpLAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yA4BAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1l BgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBUNvbG9yA4BAAAAtOSAyIDAg MCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsA BFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9u cwsABFRhYnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4AOCAxIDAgMCAwIDANClRoZSBD YW1wIENvbG9ueSBvZiB0aGUgTmV3IFlvcmsgQ2l0eSBGYXJtIHNob3dpbmcgdGVudHMgdGhlIGlu bWF0ZXMgd2VyZSBob3VzZWQgaW4uIA0KNyAxIDAgMCAwIDANClBob3RvIGNvdXJ0ZXN5IG9mIFBo aWwgU2ltbXMuDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">Admiral Charles Francis Stokes. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo from Findagrave.com contributor Bob Hufford.</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">Admiral Charles Francis Stokes. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Photo from Findagrave.com contributor Bob Hufford.</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpLAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv 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style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpjAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQRTaXplAhAFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAAJQmFja0NvbG9yA7B7 AAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBFNpemUC EAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgcHY2xXaGl0ZQlCYWNrQ29sb3IDsHsAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIg MCAyDQpydnMNCgcBAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCkxlZnQgQWxpZ24HT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAAB CVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLUmlnaHQgQWxpZ24JQWxpZ25tZW50BwhydmFSaWdodAdPcHRpb25zCwAE VGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg1Qcm90ZWN0IFRhYmxlB09wdGlvbnMLDXJ2cGFvUmVhZE9ubHkR cnZwYW9TdHlsZVByb3RlY3QVcnZwYW9Eb05vdFdhbnRSZXR1cm5zAARUYWJzDgAAAC05IDIgMCAw IDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAOADMgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQogICANCjQgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KV0FSV0lD SyBWQUxMRVkgSElTVE9SWSwgTlkNCjMgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KICANCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">The New York Times January 28, 1917</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">DRUG ADDICTS CURED BY NEW TREATMENT</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">Dr. Charles F. Stokes, former Surgeon General of the United States and a specialist in the treatment of drug victims, who is now Director of the New York City Inebriate Farm, has&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; been testing a new cure for drug addiction with excellent results, according to letters received by Chief Magistrate McAdoo and Justice Frederic Kernochan of the Court of Special Sessions.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">The letters request that as many drug addicts as possible, the worst cases preferred, be sent to the City Inebriate Farm at Warwick Farms , Orange County, where Dr. Stokes is carrying on the work. Members of the Board of Inebriety have received word that the treatment, which Dr. Stokes has been working on a long time, has been used now on twenty­five patients and has been in every case successful. The cure is said to cause no suffering and to remove the acute effects of long use of drugs within two or three days.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">One of the reported cures is that of a man addicted for seven years to morphine, who was brought to Warwick Farms in a state of collapse. About forty­eight hours later, it is said, he was able to walk. Within a few days, it was said, the treatment was broken off without inconvenience to the patient and even without his knowledge. Other methods take from ten to twenty­one days to destroy the craving for drugs.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">While it was formerly necessary to give a preliminary treatment to sufferers from drugs at a hospital in this city before they were sent to Warwick Farms to have the treatment continued and to be rebuilt physically. It is now asked that they be sent to that institution without delay. In some cases men have gained ten pounds in a week immediately after being received at the farm. To restore their general health and rebuild their physical efficiency, they are kept at the farm for sixty days, however.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">Because of the simplicity and short duration of the new treatment it has been found possible, without additions to the nursing staff, to handle an increased number of drug addicts there. There is now on the farm one nurse, and a housekeeper who acts as nurse.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">One of the main features of the new treatment, if its success is established, will be the saving of money in treating drug victims. This is now a costly process because of the long period of nursing required. Large nursing staffs are kept at the three city institutions for drug addicts. A request will be made for the establishment of a receiving station for the victims, so they can be sent to Warwick Farms with as little delay as possible.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">Dr. Stokes said over the telephone from Warwick Farms last night that he would have nothing to say on the subject until a great many cases had been observed and that he would then report to the medical profession. </font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">The New York Times January 28, 1917</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">DRUG ADDICTS CURED BY NEW TREATMENT</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">Dr. Charles F. Stokes, former Surgeon General of the United States and a specialist in the treatment of drug victims, who is now Director of the New York City Inebriate Farm, has&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; been testing a new cure for drug addiction with excellent results, according to letters received by Chief Magistrate McAdoo and Justice Frederic Kernochan of the Court of Special Sessions.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">The letters request that as many drug addicts as possible, the worst cases preferred, be sent to the City Inebriate Farm at Warwick Farms , Orange County, where Dr. Stokes is carrying on the work. Members of the Board of Inebriety have received word that the treatment, which Dr. Stokes has been working on a long time, has been used now on twenty­five patients and has been in every case successful. The cure is said to cause no suffering and to remove the acute effects of long use of drugs within two or three days.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">One of the reported cures is that of a man addicted for seven years to morphine, who was brought to Warwick Farms in a state of collapse. About forty­eight hours later, it is said, he was able to walk. Within a few days, it was said, the treatment was broken off without inconvenience to the patient and even without his knowledge. Other methods take from ten to twenty­one days to destroy the craving for drugs.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">While it was formerly necessary to give a preliminary treatment to sufferers from drugs at a hospital in this city before they were sent to Warwick Farms to have the treatment continued and to be rebuilt physically. It is now asked that they be sent to that institution without delay. In some cases men have gained ten pounds in a week immediately after being received at the farm. To restore their general health and rebuild their physical efficiency, they are kept at the farm for sixty days, however.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">Because of the simplicity and short duration of the new treatment it has been found possible, without additions to the nursing staff, to handle an increased number of drug addicts there. There is now on the farm one nurse, and a housekeeper who acts as nurse.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">One of the main features of the new treatment, if its success is established, will be the saving of money in treating drug victims. This is now a costly process because of the long period of nursing required. Large nursing staffs are kept at the three city institutions for drug addicts. A request will be made for the establishment of a receiving station for the victims, so they can be sent to Warwick Farms with as little delay as possible.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">Dr. Stokes said over the telephone from Warwick Farms last night that he would have nothing to say on the subject until a great many cases had been observed and that he would then report to the medical profession. </font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQr0AAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh 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bGF5IGFzIHBvc3NpYmxlLg0KDQpEci4gU3Rva2VzIHNhaWQgb3ZlciB0aGUgdGVsZXBob25lIGZy b20gV2Fyd2ljayBGYXJtcyBsYXN0IG5pZ2h0IHRoYXQgaGUgd291bGQgaGF2ZSBub3RoaW5nIHRv IHNheSBvbiB0aGUgc3ViamVjdCB1bnRpbCBhIGdyZWF0IG1hbnkgY2FzZXMgaGFkIGJlZW4gb2Jz ZXJ2ZWQgYW5kIHRoYXQgaGUgd291bGQgdGhlbiByZXBvcnQgdG8gdGhlIG1lZGljYWwgcHJvZmVz c2lvbi4gDQoNCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoMAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBUNvbG9yBwdjbEJsYWNrAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAg Mg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRh YnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4ANyAzIDEgMCAwIDANCldlYnBhZ2UgYnkg Uy4gR2FyZG5lciAyMDExIGZvciBBbGJlcnQgV2lzbmVyIFB1YmxpYyBMaWJyYXJ5Lg0KUGxlYXNl IGJlIHBvbGl0ZSBhbmQgcmVxdWVzdCBwZXJtaXNzaW9uIGZvciBjb21tZXJjaWFsIHVzZSBvciBi ZWZvcmUgDQpjb3B5aW5nIHRoaXMgY29udGVudCB0byBhbm90aGVyIHNpdGUgb3IgcHVibGljYXRp b24uDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">In 1929 in a prophetic move, the State of New York took over the New York City Farm facility and a new experiment in social progress commenced just as the Great Depression was taking hold of the country. The school was formally dedicated on Oct. 15, 1933.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">Delinquent boys housed at Randall's Island would be transferred to the facility, with the view that by removing them from an environment of violence, gangs, and poverty they could be rehabilitated.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">The New York State Training School for Boys was a high profile program and housed hundreds of boys organized into "cottages."&nbsp; The boys, most of whom were city born and raised, experienced fresh air, sunshine, classes in practical skills such as woodworking, farming, and other educational programs.&nbsp; </font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">In 1929 in a prophetic move, the State of New York took over the New York City Farm facility and a new experiment in social progress commenced just as the Great Depression was taking hold of the country. The school was formally dedicated on Oct. 15, 1933.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">Delinquent boys housed at Randall's Island would be transferred to the facility, with the view that by removing them from an environment of violence, gangs, and poverty they could be rehabilitated.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">The New York State Training School for Boys was a high profile program and housed hundreds of boys organized into "cottages."&nbsp; The boys, most of whom were city born and raised, experienced fresh air, sunshine, classes in practical skills such as woodworking, farming, and other educational programs.&nbsp; </font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoHAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbARTaXplAgsFQ29sb3IEMzMzAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDINCnJ2 cw0KbAAAAA4BCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYPUGFyYWdyYXBoIFN0eWxlB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlT dHlsZU5hbWUGCENlbnRlcmVkCUFsaWdubWVudAcJcnZhQ2VudGVyB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAA AC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAOADcgNSAwIDAgMCAwDQpJbiAxOTI5IGluIGEgcHJv cGhldGljIG1vdmUsIHRoZSBTdGF0ZSBvZiBOZXcgWW9yayB0b29rIG92ZXIgdGhlIE5ldyBZb3Jr IENpdHkgRmFybSBmYWNpbGl0eSBhbmQgYSBuZXcgZXhwZXJpbWVudCBpbiBzb2NpYWwgcHJvZ3Jl c3MgY29tbWVuY2VkIGp1c3QgYXMgdGhlIEdyZWF0IERlcHJlc3Npb24gd2FzIHRha2luZyBob2xk IG9mIHRoZSBjb3VudHJ5LiBUaGUgc2Nob29sIHdhcyBmb3JtYWxseSBkZWRpY2F0ZWQgb24gT2N0 LiAxNSwgMTkzMy4gIA0KDQpEZWxpbnF1ZW50IGJveXMgaG91c2VkIGF0IFJhbmRhbGwncyBJc2xh bmQgd291bGQgYmUgdHJhbnNmZXJyZWQgdG8gdGhlIGZhY2lsaXR5LCB3aXRoIHRoZSB2aWV3IHRo YXQgYnkgcmVtb3ZpbmcgdGhlbSBmcm9tIGFuIGVudmlyb25tZW50IG9mIHZpb2xlbmNlLCBnYW5n cywgYW5kIHBvdmVydHkgdGhleSBjb3VsZCBiZSByZWhhYmlsaXRhdGVkLiAgDQoNClRoZSBOZXcg WW9yayBTdGF0ZSBUcmFpbmluZyBTY2hvb2wgZm9yIEJveXMgd2FzIGEgaGlnaCBwcm9maWxlIHBy b2dyYW0gYW5kIGhvdXNlZCBodW5kcmVkcyBvZiBib3lzIG9yZ2FuaXplZCBpbnRvICJjb3R0YWdl cy4iICBUaGUgYm95cywgbW9zdCBvZiB3aG9tIHdlcmUgY2l0eSBib3JuIGFuZCByYWlzZWQsIGV4 cGVyaWVuY2VkIGZyZXNoIGFpciwgc3Vuc2hpbmUsIGNsYXNzZXMgaW4gcHJhY3RpY2FsIHNraWxs cyBzdWNoIGFzIHdvb2R3b3JraW5nLCBmYXJtaW5nLCBhbmQgb3RoZXIgZWR1Y2F0aW9uYWwgcHJv Z3JhbXMuICANCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#400000">A brave experiment began in the 1930s to reform boys who had gotten into trouble.&nbsp; It was founded upon the belief that by removing them from their violent and dysfunctional environments and giving them basic skills and education, they could be saved. For some boys, it worked.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000"> </font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I>Tutor and student at the Training School circa 1940s </I></font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I>Courtesy of the Otness Collection, Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#400000">A brave experiment began in the 1930s to reform boys who had gotten into trouble.&nbsp; It was founded upon the belief that by removing them from their violent and dysfunctional environments and giving them basic skills and education, they could be saved. For some boys, it worked.</font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000"> </font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I>Tutor and student at the Training School circa 1940s </I></font></div> <div><font color="#400000"><I>Courtesy of the Otness Collection, Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQovAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yAkAAAQlTdHlsZU5h bWUGC05vcm1hbCB0ZXh0CFN0YW5kYXJkCAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFQ29sb3ICQAAALTkgMiAw IDAgMiAwIDINCnJ2cw0KBwEAAA4BCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYKTGVmdCBBbGlnbgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFi cw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBghDZW50ZXJlZAlBbGlnbm1lbnQHCXJ2YUNlbnRlcgdPcHRpb25zCwAE VGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtSaWdodCBBbGlnbglBbGlnbm1lbnQHCHJ2YVJpZ2h0B09wdGlv bnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGDVByb3RlY3QgVGFibGUHT3B0aW9ucwsNcnZwYW9SZWFk T25seRFydnBhb1N0eWxlUHJvdGVjdBVydnBhb0RvTm90V2FudFJldHVybnMABFRhYnMOAAAALTkg MiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4ANCAzIDAgMCAwIDANCkEgYnJhdmUgZXhwZXJpbWVudCBi ZWdhbiBpbiB0aGUgMTkzMHMgdG8gcmVmb3JtIGJveXMgd2hvIGhhZCBnb3R0ZW4gaW50byB0cm91 YmxlLiAgSXQgd2FzIGZvdW5kZWQgdXBvbiB0aGUgYmVsaWVmIHRoYXQgYnkgcmVtb3ZpbmcgdGhl bSBmcm9tIHRoZWlyIHZpb2xlbnQgYW5kIGR5c2Z1bmN0aW9uYWwgZW52aXJvbm1lbnRzIGFuZCBn aXZpbmcgdGhlbSBiYXNpYyBza2lsbHMgYW5kIGVkdWNhdGlvbiwgdGhleSBjb3VsZCBiZSBzYXZl ZC4gRm9yIHNvbWUgYm95cywgaXQgd29ya2VkLg0KDQogDQozIDIgMCAwIDAgMA0KVHV0b3IgYW5k IHN0dWRlbnQgYXQgdGhlIFRyYWluaW5nIFNjaG9vbCBjaXJjYSAxOTQwcyANCkNvdXJ0ZXN5IG9m IHRoZSBPdG5lc3MgQ29sbGVjdGlvbiwgV2Fyd2ljayBIaXN0b3JpY2FsIFNvY2lldHkNCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">The Administration Building which the State erected for the new reform school. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Courtesy of the Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#804000" face="Latha">The Administration Building which the State erected for the new reform school. </font><font color="#804000" face="Latha"><I>Courtesy of the Warwick Historical Society</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpLAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yA4BAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1l BgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBUNvbG9yA4BAAAAtOSAyIDAg MCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsA BFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9u cwsABFRhYnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4AOCAxIDAgMCAwIDANClRoZSBB ZG1pbmlzdHJhdGlvbiBCdWlsZGluZyB3aGljaCB0aGUgU3RhdGUgZXJlY3RlZCBmb3IgdGhlIG5l dyByZWZvcm0gc2Nob29sLiANCjcgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KQ291cnRlc3kgb2YgdGhlIFdhcndpY2sg SGlzdG9yaWNhbCBTb2NpZXR5DQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpjAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQRTaXplAhAFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAAJQmFja0NvbG9yA7B7 AAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBFNpemUC EAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgcHY2xXaGl0ZQlCYWNrQ29sb3IDsHsAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIg MCAyDQpydnMNCgcBAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCkxlZnQgQWxpZ24HT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAAB CVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLUmlnaHQgQWxpZ24JQWxpZ25tZW50BwhydmFSaWdodAdPcHRpb25zCwAE VGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg1Qcm90ZWN0IFRhYmxlB09wdGlvbnMLDXJ2cGFvUmVhZE9ubHkR cnZwYW9TdHlsZVByb3RlY3QVcnZwYW9Eb05vdFdhbnRSZXR1cm5zAARUYWJzDgAAAC05IDIgMCAw IDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAOADMgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQogICANCjQgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KV0FSV0lD SyBWQUxMRVkgSElTVE9SWSwgTlkNCjMgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KICANCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;">Read all about life at the reform school in a supplement from the Daily Record on the 25th anniversary of the school, in 1957. (</font><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><I>Used with permission of the Times Herald Record, from a copy in the archive of the Historical Society of the Town of Warwick).</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11">Read all about life at the reform school in a supplement from the Daily Record on the 25th anniversary of the school, in 1957. (</font><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><I>Used with permission of the Times Herald Record, from a copy in the archive of the Historical Society of the Town of Warwick).</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpRAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBg9UaW1lcyBOZXcgUm9tYW4EU2l6ZQILBUNvbG9yAkAAAQlTdHlsZU5h bWUGC05vcm1hbCB0ZXh0CFN0YW5kYXJkCAhGb250TmFtZQYPVGltZXMgTmV3IFJvbWFuBFNpemUC CwVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yAkAAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMNCgcBAAAOAQlT dHlsZU5hbWUGCkxlZnQgQWxpZ24HT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVy ZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLUmln aHQgQWxpZ24JQWxpZ25tZW50BwhydmFSaWdodAdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1l Bg1Qcm90ZWN0IFRhYmxlB09wdGlvbnMLDXJ2cGFvUmVhZE9ubHkRcnZwYW9TdHlsZVByb3RlY3QV cnZwYW9Eb05vdFdhbnRSZXR1cm5zAARUYWJzDgAAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAO ADMgMiAwIDAgMCAwDQoNClJlYWQgYWxsIGFib3V0IGxpZmUgYXQgdGhlIHJlZm9ybSBzY2hvb2wg aW4gYSBzdXBwbGVtZW50IGZyb20gdGhlIERhaWx5IFJlY29yZCBvbiB0aGUgMjV0aCBhbm5pdmVy c2FyeSBvZiB0aGUgc2Nob29sLCBpbiAxOTU3LiAoDQo0IDEgLTEgMSAwIDANClVzZWQgd2l0aCBw ZXJtaXNzaW9uIG9mIHRoZSBUaW1lcyBIZXJhbGQgUmVjb3JkLCBmcm9tIGEgY29weSBpbiB0aGUg YXJjaGl2ZSBvZiB0aGUgSGlzdG9yaWNhbCBTb2NpZXR5IG9mIHRoZSBUb3duIG9mIFdhcndpY2sp Lg0K <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:21px;"><B>History of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:8px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:37px;"><B>The New York State </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:37px;"><B>Training School for Boys </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:21px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws16"><B>History of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility:</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws6"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws28"><B>The New York State </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws28"><B>Training School for Boys </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws16"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQqTAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBhRGcmFua2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAhwFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9s ZAAFQ29sb3IEMzOZAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1l BhRGcmFua2xpbiBHb3RoaWMgQm9vawRTaXplAg4FU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAhmc0l0YWxpYwAFQ29s b3IEMzOZAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRo YQVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkCGZzSXRhbGljAAVDb2xvcgQzM5kAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwg dGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGFEZyYW5rbGluIEdvdGhpYyBCb29rBFNpemUCEAVTdHls ZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgQzM5kAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgI Rm9udE5hbWUGFEZyYW5rbGluIEdvdGhpYyBCb29rBFNpemUCBgVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xv cgQzM5kAAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQoHAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgpMZWZ0IEFsaWdu B09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCENlbnRlcmVkCUFsaWdubWVudAcJcnZhQ2Vu dGVyB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGC1JpZ2h0IEFsaWduCUFsaWdubWVudAcI cnZhUmlnaHQHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYNUHJvdGVjdCBUYWJsZQdPcHRp b25zCw1ydnBhb1JlYWRPbmx5EXJ2cGFvU3R5bGVQcm90ZWN0FXJ2cGFvRG9Ob3RXYW50UmV0dXJu cwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA2IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KSGlzdG9y eSBvZiB0aGUgTWlkLU9yYW5nZSBDb3JyZWN0aW9uYWwgRmFjaWxpdHk6DQo3IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0K DQozIDIgMCAwIDAgMA0KVGhlIE5ldyBZb3JrIFN0YXRlIA0KVHJhaW5pbmcgU2Nob29sIGZvciBC b3lzIA0KNiAxIDAgMCAwIDANCg0KNCAxIDAgMCAwIDANCg0KNSAxIDIgMCAwIDANCg0K <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt took a great interest in the school, visiting several times.&nbsp; She devoted four of her "My Day" columns to the school and her observations and concerns. Many of the boys had been exposed to the most horrific traumas during their youth, and she felt deeply that they deserved to experience kindness and lack of physical want.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">Many of the boys improved and went on to better lives.&nbsp; Some did not.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">Two classics of Black literature detail experiences that had a transformative effect on boys'&nbsp; lives here, </font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><I>Manchild in the Promised Land</I></font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"> by Claude Brown, and </font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><I>Out of the Burning </I></font><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">by Ira Henry Freeman.&nbsp; "Frenchy", a pseudonym for Conrad E. Mauge,&nbsp; Jr. used by Freeman, described that "he had never been in the country, and recalls that he had never had an intelligent conversation until he talked with the State School librarian one day." That conversation helped Conrad see that a whole world he never knew about before was ready to open before him, and the State School helped many boys like him climb into a better life.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" style="font-size:15px;">In the 1970s with the advent of the drug wars, the profile of many of the boys sent to the school changed. Repeat offenders and escapes were rampant. The whole idea of reform schools had fallen from favor, and the State closed the school in 1976.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt took a great interest in the school, visiting several times.&nbsp; She devoted four of her "My Day" columns to the school and her observations and concerns. Many of the boys had been exposed to the most horrific traumas during their youth, and she felt deeply that they deserved to experience kindness and lack of physical want.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">Many of the boys improved and went on to better lives.&nbsp; Some did not.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">Two classics of Black literature detail experiences that had a transformative effect on boys'&nbsp; lives here, </font><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><I>Manchild in the Promised Land</I></font><font color="#333333" class="ws11"> by Claude Brown, and </font><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><I>Out of the Burning </I></font><font color="#333333" class="ws11">by Ira Henry Freeman.&nbsp; "Frenchy", a pseudonym for Conrad E. Mauge,&nbsp; Jr. used by Freeman, described that "he had never been in the country, and recalls that he had never had an intelligent conversation until he talked with the State School librarian one day." That conversation helped Conrad see that a whole world he never knew about before was ready to open before him, and the State School helped many boys like him climb into a better life.</font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#333333" class="ws11">In the 1970s with the advent of the drug wars, the profile of many of the boys sent to the school changed. Repeat offenders and escapes were rampant. The whole idea of reform schools had fallen from favor, and the State closed the school in 1976.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpdAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbARTaXplAgsFQ29sb3IEMzMzAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFs IHRleHQIU3RhbmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbARTaXplAgsFU3R5bGULCGZzSXRhbGljAAVD 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Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoMAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBUNvbG9yBwdjbEJsYWNrAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAg Mg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRh YnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4ANyAzIDEgMCAwIDANCldlYnBhZ2UgYnkg Uy4gR2FyZG5lciAyMDExIGZvciBBbGJlcnQgV2lzbmVyIFB1YmxpYyBMaWJyYXJ5Lg0KUGxlYXNl IGJlIHBvbGl0ZSBhbmQgcmVxdWVzdCBwZXJtaXNzaW9uIGZvciBjb21tZXJjaWFsIHVzZSBvciBi ZWZvcmUgDQpjb3B5aW5nIHRoaXMgY29udGVudCB0byBhbm90aGVyIHNpdGUgb3IgcHVibGljYXRp b24uDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">This most recent institution to make use of the Wickham Lake campus was begun when the reform school (NYS Training School for Boys) was closed.&nbsp; It was established as a medium security prison.&nbsp;&nbsp; The campus was enclosed by fence for the first time, new buildings were added, and the first inmates of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility arrived on June 29, 1977.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">Beginning with a population of 400, the inmate count ballooned up to 1,000 during the war on drugs of the 1980s until more space was opened in new facilities. The many programs the prison offered in recent decades were described in an August, 24, 2001 article in the Advertiser, which show among other things the community's willingness to interact with the inmates.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">Examples of the innovative programs implemented here are "Puppies Behind Bars", in which inmates raised puppies to become guide dogs for the handicapped and disabled veterans.&nbsp; The Warwick branch of the program was started in the summer of 2002. In 2010, the program had placed 23 dogs in the past two years.</font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">This most recent institution to make use of the Wickham Lake campus was begun when the reform school (NYS Training School for Boys) was closed.&nbsp; It was established as a medium security prison.&nbsp;&nbsp; The campus was enclosed by fence for the first time, new buildings were added, and the first inmates of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility arrived on June 29, 1977.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">Beginning with a population of 400, the inmate count ballooned up to 1,000 during the war on drugs of the 1980s until more space was opened in new facilities. The many programs the prison offered in recent decades were described in an August, 24, 2001 article in the Advertiser, which show among other things the community's willingness to interact with the inmates.&nbsp; </font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">Examples of the innovative programs implemented here are "Puppies Behind Bars", in which inmates raised puppies to become guide dogs for the handicapped and disabled veterans.&nbsp; The Warwick branch of the program was started in the summer of 2002. In 2010, the program had placed 23 dogs in the past two years.</font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoFAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFQ29sb3IHB2NsQmxhY2sAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMN CmwAAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGD1BhcmFncmFwaCBTdHlsZQdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5 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IHdoaWNoIHNob3cgYW1vbmcgb3RoZXIgdGhpbmdzIHRoZSBjb21tdW5pdHkncyB3aWxsaW5nbmVz cyB0byBpbnRlcmFjdCB3aXRoIHRoZSBpbm1hdGVzLiAgDQoNCkV4YW1wbGVzIG9mIHRoZSBpbm5v dmF0aXZlIHByb2dyYW1zIGltcGxlbWVudGVkIGhlcmUgYXJlICJQdXBwaWVzIEJlaGluZCBCYXJz IiwgaW4gd2hpY2ggaW5tYXRlcyByYWlzZWQgcHVwcGllcyB0byBiZWNvbWUgZ3VpZGUgZG9ncyBm b3IgdGhlIGhhbmRpY2FwcGVkIGFuZCBkaXNhYmxlZCB2ZXRlcmFucy4gIFRoZSBXYXJ3aWNrIGJy YW5jaCBvZiB0aGUgcHJvZ3JhbSB3YXMgc3RhcnRlZCBpbiB0aGUgc3VtbWVyIG9mIDIwMDIuIElu IDIwMTAsIHRoZSBwcm9ncmFtIGhhZCBwbGFjZWQgMjMgZG9ncyBpbiB0aGUgcGFzdCB0d28geWVh cnMuDQoNCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#400000">On June 30, 2011 Governor Andrew Cuomo announced that the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility would be closed as part of the state’s reorganization of New York’s prisons.</font><font color="#400000" face="Tahoma">The prison was run by the Department of Corrections from the summer of 1977 to the late summer of 2011. </font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#400000">On June 30, 2011 Governor Andrew Cuomo announced that the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility would be closed as part of the state’s reorganization of New York’s prisons.</font><font color="#400000" face="Tahoma">The prison was run by the Department of Corrections from the summer of 1977 to the late summer of 2011. </font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQofAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVDb2xvcgJAAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhT dGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBlRhaG9tYQVDb2xvcgJAAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMg0KcnZzDQoH AQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgpMZWZ0IEFsaWduB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUG CENlbnRlcmVkCUFsaWdubWVudAcJcnZhQ2VudGVyB09wdGlvbnMLAARUYWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5h 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style="font-size:21px;background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp;&nbsp; </B></font><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>WARWICK VALLEY HISTORY, NY</B></font><font face="Latha" class="ws16" style="background-color:#B07B00;"><B>&nbsp; </B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpjAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVMYXRoYQRTaXplAhAFU3R5bGULBmZzQm9sZAAJQmFja0NvbG9yA7B7 AAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4dAhTdGFuZGFyZAgIRm9udE5hbWUGBUxhdGhhBFNpemUC EAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkAAVDb2xvcgcHY2xXaGl0ZQlCYWNrQ29sb3IDsHsAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIg MCAyDQpydnMNCgcBAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCkxlZnQgQWxpZ24HT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAAB CVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLUmlnaHQgQWxpZ24JQWxpZ25tZW50BwhydmFSaWdodAdPcHRpb25zCwAE VGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg1Qcm90ZWN0IFRhYmxlB09wdGlvbnMLDXJ2cGFvUmVhZE9ubHkR cnZwYW9TdHlsZVByb3RlY3QVcnZwYW9Eb05vdFdhbnRSZXR1cm5zAARUYWJzDgAAAC05IDIgMCAw IDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAOADMgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQogICANCjQgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KV0FSV0lD SyBWQUxMRVkgSElTVE9SWSwgTlkNCjMgMSAtMSAxIDAgMA0KICANCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" style="font-size:15px;"><I><BR></I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#400000" face="Times New Roman" class="ws11"><I><BR></I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpRAQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl CEZvbnROYW1lBghTZWdvZSBVSQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3Rh bmRhcmQICEZvbnROYW1lBg9UaW1lcyBOZXcgUm9tYW4EU2l6ZQILBUNvbG9yAkAAAQlTdHlsZU5h bWUGC05vcm1hbCB0ZXh0CFN0YW5kYXJkCAhGb250TmFtZQYPVGltZXMgTmV3IFJvbWFuBFNpemUC CwVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yAkAAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMNCgcBAAAOAQlT dHlsZU5hbWUGCkxlZnQgQWxpZ24HT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVy ZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLUmln aHQgQWxpZ24JQWxpZ25tZW50BwhydmFSaWdodAdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1l Bg1Qcm90ZWN0IFRhYmxlB09wdGlvbnMLDXJ2cGFvUmVhZE9ubHkRcnZwYW9TdHlsZVByb3RlY3QV cnZwYW9Eb05vdFdhbnRSZXR1cm5zAARUYWJzDgAAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCA0DQpydnMNCgIAAAAO ADMgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQoNCjQgMSAwIDAgMCAwDQoNCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:48px;"><B>History of the </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:48px;"><B>Mid-Orange </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:48px;"><B>Correctional Facility</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:8px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:37px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:21px;"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" style="font-size:19px;"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws36"><B>History of the </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws36"><B>Mid-Orange </B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws36"><B>Correctional Facility</B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws6"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws28"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws16"><B><BR></B></font></div> <div><font color="#333399" face="Franklin Gothic Book" class="ws14"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> <div align=right><font color="#333399" face="Latha"><B><I><BR></I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQr2AgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGBkp1bXAgMQhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwFU3R5 bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xvcgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgdVbmljb2Rl 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YWJzDgAAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGC1JpZ2h0IEFsaWduCUFsaWdubWVudAcIcnZhUmlnaHQHT3B0aW9u cwsABFRhYnMOAAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYNUHJvdGVjdCBUYWJsZQdPcHRpb25zCw1ydnBhb1JlYWRP bmx5EXJ2cGFvU3R5bGVQcm90ZWN0FXJ2cGFvRG9Ob3RXYW50UmV0dXJucwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAy IDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA4IDMgMCAwIDAgMA0KSGlzdG9yeSBvZiB0aGUgDQpNaWQt T3JhbmdlIA0KQ29ycmVjdGlvbmFsIEZhY2lsaXR5DQo3IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KDQozIDEgMCAwIDAg MA0KDQo2IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KDQo0IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KDQo1IDEgMiAwIDAgMA0KDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#400000"><I>The Mid-Orange Campus as it appeared when it was closed in September of 2011</I></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#400000"><I>The Mid-Orange Campus as it appeared when it was closed in September of 2011</I></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoOAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 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<div><font color="#993300" face="Trebuchet MS" style="font-size:16px;"><B>Share your memories of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility and the New York State Training School for Boys at our blog:</B></font></div> <div><font style="font-size:16px;"><B><a href="http://warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com" title="">warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com</a></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#993300" face="Trebuchet MS" class="ws12"><B>Share your memories of the Mid-Orange Correctional Facility and the New York State Training School for Boys at our blog:</B></font></div> <div><font class="ws12"><B><a href="http://warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com" title="">warwickcorrectional.wordpress.com</a></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQrWAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h 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CgIAAAAOADggMSAwIDAgMCAwDQpTaGFyZSB5b3VyIG1lbW9yaWVzIG9mIHRoZSBNaWQtT3Jhbmdl IENvcnJlY3Rpb25hbCBGYWNpbGl0eSBhbmQgdGhlIE5ldyBZb3JrIFN0YXRlIFRyYWluaW5nIFNj aG9vbCBmb3IgQm95cyBhdCBvdXIgYmxvZzoNCjkgMSAwIDAgMCAidXJsPWh0dHA6Ly93YXJ3aWNr Y29ycmVjdGlvbmFsLndvcmRwcmVzcy5jb20iDQp3YXJ3aWNrY29ycmVjdGlvbmFsLndvcmRwcmVz cy5jb20NCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">Community service was a major component of the institution's program, with crews of inmate trustees helping to clean up and maintain local parks, mowing historic cemeteries, and assisting with projects for many of our local nonprofits.</font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">What will the future hold for this huge complex, one of the major economic engines for our town, now that the last inmate has left?&nbsp; Only time will tell.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">Community service was a major component of the institution's program, with crews of inmate trustees helping to clean up and maintain local parks, mowing historic cemeteries, and assisting with projects for many of our local nonprofits.</font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma"><BR></font></div> <div><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma">What will the future hold for this huge complex, one of the major economic engines for our town, now that the last inmate has left?&nbsp; Only time will tell.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoFAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 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ciBlY29ub21pYyBlbmdpbmVzIGZvciBvdXIgdG93biwgbm93IHRoYXQgdGhlIGxhc3QgaW5tYXRl IGhhcyBsZWZ0PyAgT25seSB0aW1lIHdpbGwgdGVsbC4NCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>Puppies Behind Bars at Warwick, 2010</I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>Puppies Behind Bars at Warwick, 2010</I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQodAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkCGZzSXRhbGljAAVDb2xvcgcIY2xNYXJv b24AAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMNCmwAAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGD1BhcmFncmFwaCBTdHls ZQdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBghDZW50ZXJlZAlBbGlnbm1lbnQHCXJ2YUNl bnRlcgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA3IDEgMCAw IDAgMA0KUHVwcGllcyBCZWhpbmQgQmFycyBhdCBXYXJ3aWNrLCAyMDEwDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font face="Tahoma">Another program, a first, was the first commercial carpentry shop.&nbsp; Operated by Corcraft, the business name of the NYS Dept. of Correction Division of Industries. The Warwick program manufactured modular housing and components for public projects such as the Florida Public Library (1999-2000) and the Village Hall addition, and the state trooper barracks on Meadow Rd. in Florida.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font face="Tahoma">Another program, a first, was the first commercial carpentry shop.&nbsp; Operated by Corcraft, the business name of the NYS Dept. of Correction Division of Industries. The Warwick program manufactured modular housing and components for public projects such as the Florida Public Library (1999-2000) and the Village Hall addition, and the state trooper barracks on Meadow Rd. in Florida.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQr2AQAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMNCmwAAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5h bWUGD1BhcmFncmFwaCBTdHlsZQdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBghDZW50ZXJl ZAlBbGlnbm1lbnQHCXJ2YUNlbnRlcgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgNA0K cnZzDQoCAAAADgA3IDEgMCAwIDAgMA0KQW5vdGhlciBwcm9ncmFtLCBhIGZpcnN0LCB3YXMgdGhl IGZpcnN0IGNvbW1lcmNpYWwgY2FycGVudHJ5IHNob3AuICBPcGVyYXRlZCBieSBDb3JjcmFmdCwg dGhlIGJ1c2luZXNzIG5hbWUgb2YgdGhlIE5ZUyBEZXB0LiBvZiBDb3JyZWN0aW9uIERpdmlzaW9u IG9mIEluZHVzdHJpZXMuIFRoZSBXYXJ3aWNrIHByb2dyYW0gbWFudWZhY3R1cmVkIG1vZHVsYXIg aG91c2luZyBhbmQgY29tcG9uZW50cyBmb3IgcHVibGljIHByb2plY3RzIHN1Y2ggYXMgdGhlIEZs b3JpZGEgUHVibGljIExpYnJhcnkgKDE5OTktMjAwMCkgYW5kIHRoZSBWaWxsYWdlIEhhbGwgYWRk aXRpb24sIGFuZCB0aGUgc3RhdGUgdHJvb3BlciBiYXJyYWNrcyBvbiBNZWFkb3cgUmQuIGluIEZs b3JpZGEuDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>The Corcraft </I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>building</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>at Mid-Orange</I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>The Corcraft </I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>building</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>at Mid-Orange</I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoaAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIS2V5d29yZHMIU3RhbmRhcmQI CEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkCGZzSXRhbGljAAVDb2xvcgcIY2xNYXJvb24A AC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMNCmwAAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGD1BhcmFncmFwaCBTdHlsZQdP cHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBghDZW50ZXJlZAlBbGlnbm1lbnQHCXJ2YUNlbnRl cgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA3IDMgMCAwIDAg MA0KVGhlIENvcmNyYWZ0IA0KYnVpbGRpbmcNCmF0IE1pZC1PcmFuZ2UNCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font style="font-size:12px;"><B><a href="page://p52747316" title="" class="style1">This land was a colonai era farm, an early drug abuse treatment facility, and a reform school. Find out about the history of the prior institutions at Mid Orange, click here</a></B></font><font style="font-size:12px;">.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font class="ws9"><B><a href="page://p52747316" title="" class="style1">This land was a colonai era farm, an early drug abuse treatment facility, and a reform school. Find out about the history of the prior institutions at Mid Orange, click here</a></B></font><font class="ws9">.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQpuAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbARTaXplAgkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGC05vcm1hbCB0ZXh0CFN0YW5k YXJkCAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwEU2l6ZQIJBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQLZnNVbmRlcmxpbmUABUNv bG9yA8pCBEp1bXAJC05leHRTdHlsZU5vAgAAAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMNCmwAAAAOAQlT dHlsZU5hbWUGD1BhcmFncmFwaCBTdHlsZQdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBghD ZW50ZXJlZAlBbGlnbm1lbnQHCXJ2YUNlbnRlcgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAy IDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA4IDEgMCAwIDAgInVybD1wYWdlOi8vcDUyNzQ3MzE2LGxpbmtzdHls ZT1zdHlsZTEiDQpUaGlzIGxhbmQgd2FzIGEgY29sb25haSBlcmEgZmFybSwgYW4gZWFybHkgZHJ1 ZyBhYnVzZSB0cmVhdG1lbnQgZmFjaWxpdHksIGFuZCBhIHJlZm9ybSBzY2hvb2wuIEZpbmQgb3V0 IGFib3V0IHRoZSBoaXN0b3J5IG9mIHRoZSBwcmlvciBpbnN0aXR1dGlvbnMgYXQgTWlkIE9yYW5n ZSwgY2xpY2sgaGVyZQ0KNyAxIC0xIDEgMCAwDQouDQo= <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>Locust Hill Cemetery, one of the many historic cemeteries</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>cared for by the inmate trustees.&nbsp; Who will care for it now?</I></B></font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>Locust Hill Cemetery, one of the many historic cemeteries</I></B></font></div> <div><font color="#800000"><B><I>cared for by the inmate trustees.&nbsp; Who will care for it now?</I></B></font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQodAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsGZnNCb2xkCGZzSXRhbGljAAVDb2xvcgcIY2xNYXJv b24AAC05IDIgMCAwIDIgMCAyDQpydnMNCmwAAAAOAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGD1BhcmFncmFwaCBTdHls ZQdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBghDZW50ZXJlZAlBbGlnbm1lbnQHCXJ2YUNl bnRlcgdPcHRpb25zCwAEVGFicw4AAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgNA0KcnZzDQoCAAAADgA3IDIgMCAw IDAgMA0KTG9jdXN0IEhpbGwgQ2VtZXRlcnksIG9uZSBvZiB0aGUgbWFueSBoaXN0b3JpYyBjZW1l dGVyaWVzDQpjYXJlZCBmb3IgYnkgdGhlIGlubWF0ZSB0cnVzdGVlcy4gIFdobyB3aWxsIGNhcmUg Zm9yIGl0IG5vdz8NCg== <FONT style="font-size:13px" color="#000000" face="Arial"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" style="font-size:11px;">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </FONT> <div class="wpmd"> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Webpage by S. Gardner 2011 for Albert Wisner Public Library.</font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">Please be polite and request permission for commercial use or before </font></div> <div align=center><font color="#000000" face="Tahoma" class="ws8">copying this content to another site or publication.</font></div> </div> LTggMSAzDQotOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAgMQ0KcnZzDQoMAgAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgtOb3JtYWwgdGV4 dAhGb250TmFtZQYFQXJpYWwAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB0hlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0 eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbEJsdWUAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGClN1YmhlYWRpbmcIRm9udE5h bWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxlCwZmc0JvbGQABUNvbG9yBwZjbE5hdnkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGCEtleXdv cmRzCEZvbnROYW1lBgVBcmlhbAVTdHlsZQsIZnNJdGFsaWMABUNvbG9yBwhjbE1hcm9vbgABCVN0 eWxlTmFtZQYGSnVtcCAxCEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEFU3R5bGULC2ZzVW5kZXJsaW5lAAVDb2xv cgcGY2xCbHVlBEp1bXAJAAEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBgZKdW1wIDIIRm9udE5hbWUGBUFyaWFsBVN0eWxl Cwtmc1VuZGVybGluZQAFQ29sb3IHB2NsR3JlZW4ESnVtcAkAAQlTdHlsZU5hbWUGB1VuaWNvZGUI Rm9udE5hbWUGBlN5c3RlbQdVbmljb2RlCQABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYLTm9ybWFsIHRleHQIU3RhbmRh cmQICEZvbnROYW1lBgZUYWhvbWEEU2l6ZQIIBUNvbG9yBwdjbEJsYWNrAAAtOSAyIDAgMCAyIDAg Mg0KcnZzDQpsAAAADgEJU3R5bGVOYW1lBg9QYXJhZ3JhcGggU3R5bGUHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRhYnMO AAABCVN0eWxlTmFtZQYIQ2VudGVyZWQJQWxpZ25tZW50BwlydmFDZW50ZXIHT3B0aW9ucwsABFRh YnMOAAAALTkgMiAwIDAgMiAwIDQNCnJ2cw0KAgAAAA4ANyAzIDEgMCAwIDANCldlYnBhZ2UgYnkg Uy4gR2FyZG5lciAyMDExIGZvciBBbGJlcnQgV2lzbmVyIFB1YmxpYyBMaWJyYXJ5Lg0KUGxlYXNl IGJlIHBvbGl0ZSBhbmQgcmVxdWVzdCBwZXJtaXNzaW9uIGZvciBjb21tZXJjaWFsIHVzZSBvciBi ZWZvcmUgDQpjb3B5aW5nIHRoaXMgY29udGVudCB0byBhbm90aGVyIHNpdGUgb3IgcHVibGljYXRp b24uDQo=